Research on Training and Development Strategies for Psychological Empowerment of Medical Staff in the Context of Public Health


Haoan Zhong

Emotionally worn-out healthcare professionals may suffer detrimental effects on their physical and mental well-being, limiting their capacity to perform their duties. So, the study aims to assess the training and development strategies for the psychological empowerment of medical staff. This study surveyed 130 different health workers. Self-Esteem Scale (SES) was used to assess an individual's overall self-esteem and self-worth. Psychological Empowerment Scale (PES) has been used for psychological empowerment. A 12-item measure with four subscales: meaning, competence, self-determination, and effect, was assessed. The Workplace Assertive Behaviour Questionnaire (WABQ) was used to determine the degree of assertiveness exhibited by healthcare workers in their work setting. The self-esteem composite score of the medical staff was found to be 33.58±2.85. The composite scores for psychological empowerment and leader-empowering behaviors were 4.69±0.36 and 4.03±0.31, respectively. The composite score for assertiveness in the workplace was found to be 3.88±0.47. A significant and moderate correlation was observed between the level of self-esteem among medical staff (r = 0.32; p = 0.002) and their assertiveness, as well as the perception of empowering behaviors exhibited by their leaders (r = 0.32; p = 0.002) and assertiveness among staff nurses. The regression analysis results indicated a significant relationship between structural empowerment and occupational mental health (F=21.25, p < 0.001). The study concludes that a positive relationship exists between self-esteem, psychological empowerment, empowering behaviors of leaders, and workplace assertiveness among medical staff. The findings practically implicated that nurses who possess a sense of empowerment also demonstrate assertiveness in their professional roles. Moreover, providing support to medical in fostering positive self-esteem and enhancing their confidence can facilitate the development of assertive behaviors within the professional context.


Keywords:Psychological empowerment, Medical staff, Health, Self-esteem scale

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